Showing posts with label Indian currency crisis. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Indian currency crisis. Show all posts

Friday, November 11, 2016

Rs 500, Rs 1000 Notes Abolished

Indian Currency abolished

Demonetization of Rs 500 & Rs 1000 Rupee Notes

In an important effect to check black money, the Prime Minister has announced demonetization of Rs 500 and 1000 rupee notes with effect from midnight of November 9 which makes these notes invalid on black money, corruption and fake currency.The decision of PM Narendra Modi to eliminate Rs. 500 and Rs. 1000 rupee notes with a view to control the flow of black money has been mentioned by almost all in Bollywood.

The decision had been effective abolishing Rs 500 and Rs 1000 rupee value notes as legitimate tender. To get to know on the implications on this financial decision, an interaction had been conducted with leading film exhibitor Akshaye Rathi who mentioned that the impact could be of two levels namely micro and macro.

With regards to film that would be coming in the future, it was essential to comprehend the pattern of audience which could be beyond the metros.In areas like Bengaluru, Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and Pune, individuals seem to be comfortable in utilising plastic money as well as online transactions.

However there is a massive population which is beyond the metros who do not approve of utilising plastic money. Then there is a still bigger crowd which goes to the bank and withdraw money, making their payment through cash.

Impact on Industry – Positive

People in places such as Kanpur and Satara tend to go to the bank on the first day of the month for withdrawal of cash for their monthly expenditure where the payment is done by cash. Hence, individuals would find it difficult in being unable to use the denominations of 500 and 1000 rupees when they go for a movie or intend to dine out with their family or friends.

Carrying a few five or hundred rupee notes tends to be much easier than carrying a good amount of hundred rupee notes in your wallet which could cause a bit of inconvenience to the individuals. With regards to Bollywood, Akshaye envisions the decision affecting the industry crowd in a positive manner and is of the belief that it would go a long way in eliminating bribes as well as corruption. He stated that the impact on the industry would be a very positive one.

A producer shooting is troubled by several entities such as organisations, political outfits and associations who tend to come and upset the shoot, by asking for bribe. The producer then provides them with the option of card or cheque payments. With this decision, all these bribes and loopholes have been stopped since one cannot pay a bribe with hundred rupee notes.

New Notes of Rs 2000 & Rs 500

Modi has mentioned that people having Rs 500 and Rs 1000 could deposit them in their bank and post office account from November 10 to December 30. He also mentioned that the notes would not be legal tender from midnight of November 9 and that they would be just useless piece of paper.

But he also added that all notes in the lower demolition of Rs 100, Rs 50, Rs 20, Rs 10, Rs 5, Rs 2 and Re 1 together with the coins would continue being valid.

He informed that new notes of Rs 2000 together with Rs 500 would be introduced and that there would be no modification of any kind of currency exchange be it DD. Cheque, payment through credit/debit card etc.

Saturday, August 31, 2013

U.S. monetary policy brings down the Indian rupee?

The Indian currency has again reached a record low on Tuesday. Like other developing countries, it suffers including expectations of investors who expect a shift from the Fed. The Indian giant shuddered. With the collapse of its currency, returns the specter of a crisis it had known early in 1991. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had himself risen, claiming that this new crisis was not of the same order. Moreover, the crisis of the rupee displays India is experiencing a slowdown - albeit relative - its growth. In this context, the question of advancing the general elections before the month of May 2014 was again discussed among the members of the Indian political class. How to explain this monetary crisis going to translate into political crisis? The Indian currency Monday reached its lowest level. On Tuesday, the dollar traded as against Rs 64.11 earlier in the day. The day before, she had gone through the floor dropping to 63.22 rupees to the dollar. More broadly, in two years, the country's currency has lost more than 40% of its value since July 2013. Main reasons given by most analysts: the fear of expected monetary tightening of U.S.

 The impact of a possible end of the buyback of bonds by the Fed is already being felt in the last two months. Capital hesitates between the United States and emerging countries. When the shift in U.S. monetary policy was announced, the capital flows are rerouted to the dollar. The Indian stock market actually costs, “there is still a month; the SENSEX index exceeded 20,000 points," points out the researcher. He thus lost 7% in three days, falling below 18,000 points before rising slightly at the close on Tuesday. In India the deficit of current account is the source of all problems. The deficit amounted to about 4.5 % of gross domestic product, according to a note from the Bureau of Economic Analysis of BNP Paribas. To this must be added a context of relatively slow growth. For the 2012-2013 year, India's central bank has lowered its growth estimate from 5.8% to 5.5%. Well below the 9 % increase in GDP experienced by the country during the previous years.

 In addition, “even in the field of foreign direct investment, we feel a hesitation. Whenever the election is tight, investors may worry about a shift," says economist Center Future Studies and International Information. Faced with this situation, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) would have little leeway. This is “very embarrassed because political control of the money supply can have a negative impact on growth and investment. It is therefore obliged to act in short strokes. The RBI has, for example tried to halt the decline of the rupee e.g. preventing imports of gold, limiting to $ 75,000 per year instead of 200,000 the amount that can leave the Indians in the country but also in controlling purchases estates abroad. India is not alone in feeling the effects of investor expectations about the U.S. monetary policy. Other emerging market currencies were also affected, such as the Brazil and Indonesia. Finally, more broadly, the crisis itself could amplify these phenomena. India has no role in driving the region since this has the effect of weakening the economy, there is however a risk of indirect contagion in other emerging countries, especially China.