Saturday, August 1, 2015

Asset Allocation - Don't Put All Eggs in One Basket


Asset Allocation – Portfolio Distribution of Various Investments

Asset allocation is a term on how the portfolio is distributed with the various investments. As such there does not seem to be any simple formula which could define the right asset allocation for a single investor. It is one of the most major decisions which investor could make, according to a certified financial planner and the founder of the Delancey Wealth Management, Ivory Johnson.

A simple expanded portfolio could comprise of many investment classifications like stocks, cash and bond and the allocation to each of these groups should be based on the investment goals, risk tolerance as well as the time horizon needed for the utilisation of the funds.

However the agreement among several financial professions is that asset allocation seems to be one of the most major decisions which investors should make. Selection of individual securities is secondary to the way one allocate the investments in stocks, bonds and cash as well as equivalents which would be the main factors of one’s investment consequences.

Extension of Financial Plan

In brief, asset allocation should be an extension of a financial plan. Three main sections of asset being equities, fixed income and cash and equivalents, tend to have various levels of risk and return. Hence each will behave differently over a period of time. The benefits of using an expanded asset allocation are that the combination of several various investments could have varied patterns of returns according to Johnson. He adds that this would mean that the goal of portfolio variation would be to generate the maximum possible return for a specified level of risk.

For instance, if a portfolio of a small company stocks could cause greater returns than an exp
anded portfolio of stock then it is unlikely to achieve that result without considerable more risk or volatility. The outcome would be that in the process of determining an appropriate asset allocation, the combination of assets to hold in your portfolio would be a very personal one. Asset allocation which would work best at any given point of time would depend mainly on the time horizon as well as the ability to handle the risk factor.

Life-Cycle/Target-Date Funds

Known as life-cycle, or target-date funds, asset allocation mutual funds are an effort in providing investors with a portfolio structures which would address an investor’s age, risk factor as well as investment objectives with an adequate allotment of asset classes.Nevertheless, critics of this approach indicate that coming to a standardized explanation for allocating portfolio assets, can be challenging due to individual investors would need individual solutions.

By including asset groups with one’s investment returns which tend to move up and down under various conditions in the market within a portfolio, investor get the opportunity of protecting themselves from substantial losses. Generally, the returns of the three main asset groups have not moved up and down at the same time and the market condition which tends to cause one asset group to do well often causes another asset group to have an average or poor returns.

The investor here on investing in more than one asset category tends to reduce the risk of losing money and his portfolio’s overall investment returns will not suffer losses. Should one asset group’s investment return tend to fall; the investor would be in a position to counteract the losses in that particular group with a better option in investment returns in another asset group.


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