Monday, July 4, 2011

The Operations "carry trade" Part-2

Currently, the carry trade the most developed is the yen carry trade, however, note that there are also such operations on the Swiss franc. For investors, the yen carry trade is interesting on two levels: first because of the difference in rates (the Bank of Japan lends at a rate of 0.25%, while investors can invest this money to rates above 5% in England and the United States); the other due to the depreciation of the yen during the duration of the operation.

The situation faced today was introduced by Japan's economic policy. Following the crisis of the 2000s, Japan and the United States and Europe have dropped their rates significantly in order to avoid an economic slump. However, if the United States and Europe have been sharply reversed the trend, growth in Japan that has developed since then have been accompanied by a sharp reduction in unemployment, low wage growth but to no inflationary pressures, the Bank of Japan was not forced to change its monetary policy and rates remained extremely low (0.25%).
The interest rate spread, which has gradually opened up between the rates of Western central banks and the Bank of Japan caused the yen carry trade phenomenon. The main actors are just to take this opportunity, especially as comfortable as it is artificially maintained by the Japanese central bank and no sign of change seems to appear.

The current danger is that the carry trade is no longer limited to play on differences in rates, but it greatly increases the global liquidity by moving the pockets present in economies with weak currencies to countries with high rates. The yen is borrowed in dollars, pounds sterling, Euros ... then invested in operations with high leverage.