Saturday, June 18, 2011
Country Risk Part.I
The Mexican debt crisis in 1982 which forced the country to introduce a moratorium is one of the first and most contemporary manifestations of country risk. The concept also takes full extent over the 90 years with the crisis countries. Emerging from 1997 Asian crisis, Russian crisis in 1998 etc. Indeed, given the globalization of the economy and the succession of crises due to the expansion of capital movements in the world, economic agents and financial choices for their particular investment and acquisitions, need accurate information on the assessment of risk profiles of the countries covered.
A single definition of country risk is difficult to provide to the extent that it is a composite concept. Country risk encompasses all actual future events that may affect a financial investor in the conduct of its operations in relation to a country called "at risk". The risks mentioned are related to the state of the country, regardless of the quality of the debtor or the project.
However, if the concept is difficult to define exhaustively, his analysis is far from insurmountable. Many tools and procedures are available for players to understand this risk.
First, the concept of country risk and sovereign risk are often confused. Sovereign risk is the risk for financial institutions to see the sovereign (central government, ministries, local governments and regional ...) which they have granted loans, unwilling or unable to meet its payment obligations to them. Country risk in turn has a much broader scope because there is no concept of "sovereign", the entity in question is the entire country. The two concepts are nevertheless closely related. Indeed, as part of a scoring, note the Sovereign cannot be too far from the rating of the country, the quality of the first depends on the country's environment and the decisions of the Supreme rarely without consequence on the functioning economy.